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eLife Volume 9 ,2020-12-21
Phylogenomics of white-eyes, a ‘great speciator’, reveals Indonesian archipelago as the center of lineage diversity
Evolutionary Biology
Chyi Yin Gwee 1 Kritika M Garg 1 Balaji Chattopadhyay 1 Keren R Sadanandan 1 , 2 Dewi M Prawiradilaga 3 Martin Irestedt 4 Fumin Lei 5 , 6 Luke M Bloch 7 Jessica GH Lee 8 Mohammad Irham 3 Tri Haryoko 3 Malcolm CK Soh 9 Kelvin S-H Peh 10 Karen MC Rowe 11 Teuku Reza Ferasyi 12 , 13 Shaoyuan Wu 14 , 15 Guinevere OU Wogan 16 Rauri CK Bowie 7 Frank E Rheindt 1
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Received 2020-09-03, accepted for publication 2020-12-21, Published 2020-12-21

Archipelagoes serve as important ‘natural laboratories’ which facilitate the study of island radiations and contribute to the understanding of evolutionary processes. The white-eye genus Zosterops is a classical example of a ‘great speciator’, comprising c. 100 species from across the Old World, most of them insular. We achieved an extensive geographic DNA sampling of Zosterops by using historical specimens and recently collected samples. Using over 700 genome-wide loci in conjunction with coalescent species tree methods and gene flow detection approaches, we untangled the reticulated evolutionary history of Zosterops, which comprises three main clades centered in Indo-Africa, Asia, and Australasia, respectively. Genetic introgression between species permeates the Zosterops phylogeny, regardless of how distantly related species are. Crucially, we identified the Indonesian archipelago, and specifically Borneo, as the major center of diversity and the only area where all three main clades overlap, attesting to the evolutionary importance of this region.


Other;avian;white-eye;Asia;target enrichment;phylogeny;bird


© 2020, Gwee et al
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.


Chyi Yin Gwee,Kritika M Garg,Balaji Chattopadhyay,Keren R Sadanandan,Dewi M Prawiradilaga,Martin Irestedt,Fumin Lei,Luke M Bloch,Jessica GH Lee,Mohammad Irham,Tri Haryoko,Malcolm CK Soh,Kelvin S-H Peh,Karen MC Rowe,Teuku Reza Ferasyi,Shaoyuan Wu,Guinevere OU Wogan,Rauri CK Bowie,Frank E Rheindt. Phylogenomics of white-eyes, a ‘great speciator’, reveals Indonesian archipelago as the center of lineage diversity. eLife ,Vol.9(2020)



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