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Biodiversity Data Journal Volume 8 ,2020-11-03
Understorey to canopy vertebrate fauna of a lowland evergreen forest in Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve, Philippines
Research Article
Juan Carlos T. Gonzalez 1 , 2 Anna Pauline O. de Guia 1 , 2 Judeline C. Dimalibot 1 , 2 Khryss V. Pantua 1 Whizvir O. Gustilo 1 Nathaniel C. Bantayan 3
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DOI:10.3897/BDJ.8.e56999
Received 2020-07-28, accepted for publication 2020-10-17, Published 2020-11-03
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摘要

Abstract We examined the vertical stratification of forest wildlife, from the ground up to the canopy layer, within a 2-hectare permanent plot of lowland evergreen rainforest on the Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve. Our aim was to determine the species richness of the different forest layers and evaluate their ecosystem services. Understorey, sub-canopy and canopy sampling were conducted during July 2016, March to April 2017 and February to March 2018, respectively. We were able to record a total of 68 species, consisting of 11 amphibians, 15 reptiles, 25 birds and 17 mammals. Increasing species richness with increasing vertical stratification was observed for both reptiles and mammals. For birds, the peak richness was observed in the sub-canopy and then decreased in the canopy. A decreasing trend was observed with amphibians wherein the peak species richness was observed in the understorey. Increasing vertical stratification influenced vertical habitat use and species richness. For the similarity index, the same pattern was observed for all species groups. Highest similarity was observed between the sub-canopy and the canopy and the least similarity was observed between the understorey and canopy. These results indicate that the understorey and the canopy host different species groups, thus, sampling of the understorey alone, often done in biodiversity surveys, may lead to the underestimation of species richness in an area.

关键词

species richness;wildlife;tropical rainforest;vertical stratification

授权许可

Juan Carlos T. Gonzalez, Anna Pauline O. de Guia, Judeline C. Dimalibot, Khryss V. Pantua, Whizvir O. Gustilo, Nathaniel C. Bantayan
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

推荐引用方式

Juan Carlos T. Gonzalez,Anna Pauline O. de Guia,Judeline C. Dimalibot,Khryss V. Pantua,Whizvir O. Gustilo,Nathaniel C. Bantayan. Understorey to canopy vertebrate fauna of a lowland evergreen forest in Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve, Philippines. Biodiversity Data Journal ,Vol.8(2020)

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