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Ecosystem Health and Sustainability Volume 6 ,Issue 1 ,2020-12-16
Holistic identification and assessment of environmental risks of arable land use in two grain producing areas of China
Research article
Guanyi Yin 1 Zhulu Lin 2 Xilong Jiang 3 Jin Sun 4 Menglong Qiu 5
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DOI:10.1080/20964129.2020.1784043
Received 2020-01-16, accepted for publication 2020-06-11, Published 2020-12-16
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摘要

Taking two typical grain producing areas of southern (Dongting Lake Region) and northern China (Shandong Province) as examples, this study used fault tree analysis and parametric estimation to provide a comparative analysis for environmental risks of intensive arable land use. The results show that (1) in the risks of eutrophication, toxicity, soil structure, greenhouse effect and air pollution, the greenhouse effect was the most prominent with the highest discharge; (2) the Dongting Lake Region discharged less pollutants annually than did Shandong Province, while surpassing Shandong in cumulative pollutant discharge in 2007-2018; (3) the spatial distribution of environmental risk in the Dongting Lake Region was mostly concentrated in the northern area, whereas that in Shandong Province displayed a scattered pattern; (4) in the Dongting Lake Region, Yueyang, Changde, and Yiyang were high environmental risk cities in 2007-2018, whereas in Shandong Province, Zaozhuang, Heze, Liaocheng, and Dezhou exhibited higher comprehensive environmental risk indexes in 2007-2008, while Rizhao replaced them in 2018. The results indicated that ago-production material use must be controlled, reasonable zoning for areas posing environmental risks must be employed and cities with high environmental risk must be dynamically monitored to prevent the intensification of environmental risks of arable land use.

关键词

major grain production area;intensive arable land use;Environmental risk

授权许可

© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of the Ecological Society of China.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

Fault tree diagram of environmental risks resulting from intensive arable land use.

The locations of the study areas – – Shandong Province and the Dongting Lake Region.

Pollutant discharge from arable land use in the Dongting Lake Region and Shandong Province.

Distribution of pollutants in the Dongting Lake Region in 2007 and 2018.

Distribution of pollutants in Shandong Province in 2007 and 2018.

Pollutants discharged per unit of arable land area attributable to five forms of environmental risk.

Long-term changes in environmental risk among cities in the Dongting Lake Region.

Long-term changes in environmental risk among cities in Shandong Province.

通讯作者

Guanyi Yin.College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, PR Chin.yinguanyi@126.com

推荐引用方式

Guanyi Yin,Zhulu Lin,Xilong Jiang,Jin Sun,Menglong Qiu. Holistic identification and assessment of environmental risks of arable land use in two grain producing areas of China. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability ,Vol.6, Issue 1(2020)

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