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Ecosystem Health and Sustainability Volume 6 ,Issue 1 ,2020-12-16
Design with nature and eco-city design
Review
Yegang Wu 1 Robert E. Swain 1 Nan Jiang 1 Mengying Qiao 1 Haihua Wang 1 Jialin Bai 1 Xi Zhou 1 Xuefeng Sun 1 Jing Xu 1 Meng Xu 1 Chen Hu 1 Yimin Xing 1 Jenny Z. Wu 1
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DOI:10.1080/20964129.2020.1781549
Received 2019-12-01, accepted for publication 2020-06-03, Published 2020-12-16
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摘要

Designing with Nature is an approach linking design and ecology, which focuses on living with nature, caring for nature, and aiming for a sustainable society. China has made eco-city development, eco-restoration, and eco-civilization its legislative priority and its national strategy, investing a US$618 billion in a 5-year period from 2011–2015 that could reach as high as US$1,124 billion dollars in the period of 2016–2020. “Designing with nature” also means that we must, as we are dealing with resources, consider and understand all the impacting factors and ecosystem capacities. China’s biggest challenge has been to restore water quality, aquatic ecosystems, and landscape patterns. Alongside its natural resources and eco-city development, China possesses a solar energy capacity higher than that of any other country in the world, reaching 174 gigawatts by 2018. Solar power is now cheaper than fossil fuels in hundreds of Chinese cities. In this review, we affirm that the nature-driven design put forth by McHarg’s Design with Nature has withstood the test of time, and we aim to renew interest in McHarg’s ideas by arguing for a design of Chinese cities that is, in keeping with Design with Nature, future-oriented, nature-oriented, and sustainability-oriented.

关键词

sustainability;society;eco-architecture;resources;eco-city design;landscape pattern;Design with nature

授权许可

© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis Group and Science Press on behalf of the Ecological Society of China.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

Setting a mean water surface elevation (M.W.S.E.) and safe construction elevation (S.C.E.) for city development based on historical and nature topography in the design area (13.48 km2) of Dongpo Wetland in Meishan City, Sichuan Province, China.

Runoff patterns for natural forest, rural, and urban area, compared to a mega-city like Qingdao, with differing percentages of runoff, evaporation, and seepage into shallow and deep groundwater (Baidu Data 2013).

By mimicking natural runoff patterns in the forest to create a new lake, Lake Jinhu, we preserved more than 22 million cubic meters of runoff water in Jiaozhou Bay, Qingdao, China.

Using Lacunarity index numbers of natural wetlands for our design of coastal wetland patterns in Jiaozhou Bay, Qingdao, China: (a) design layout and (b) the design sketch of the coastal wetland pattern.

Five different landscape patterns using our water quality model (Equation 2, 3, 4) to simulate the different deduction rates (%)of COD, TP, and TN in different landscape patterns of Liulihe wetland, Beijing, China.

China’s urbanization trends (U.S. Global Investors, 2012).

Restoration of 30 km2 of subsided mining area (b) has fundamentally changed the landscape of Huaibei, Anhui Province, China from (a) a city with water resource shortage into (c) a water front city (Wu and Swain 2018).

Choosing eco-friendly building materials such as bamboo to construct bamboo houses for “Flowing Bamboo Reserve” in Qionglai, Sichuan Province, China.

Design of Aifeike Town, Jingmen City, Hubei Province, China with 1278 hectares of lake area (48% of the total area) with water depth of more than 6.0 meters in response to extreme rainfall and drought.

Our design of Beijing River basin, Jianou City, Fujian Province, China for the purposes of (a) revitalization of villages, (b) creation of Zhu Xi villas, and (c) protection of farmland.

通讯作者

1. Yegang Wu.Beijing Bold Institute of Eco-City Planning & Design, Beijing, Chin.ywu3501@qq.com
2. Robert E. Swain.Beijing Bold Institute of Eco-City Planning & Design, Beijing, Chin.bob@bobswain.com
3. Jenny Z. Wu.Beijing Bold Institute of Eco-City Planning & Design, Beijing, Chin.Jennywu488@gmail.com

推荐引用方式

Yegang Wu,Robert E. Swain,Nan Jiang,Mengying Qiao,Haihua Wang,Jialin Bai,Xi Zhou,Xuefeng Sun,Jing Xu,Meng Xu,Chen Hu,Yimin Xing,Jenny Z. Wu. Design with nature and eco-city design. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability ,Vol.6, Issue 1(2020)

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