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Ecosystem Health and Sustainability Volume 6 ,Issue 1 ,2020-12-16
Rewilding the wildlife in Sangjiangyuan National Park, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
Narrative
Xinquan Zhao 1 Tianwei Xu 1 Jacob Ellis 2 Fuquan He 1 Linyong Hu 1 Qi Li 1
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DOI:10.1080/20964129.2020.1776643
Received 2020-05-15, accepted for publication 2020-05-22, Published 2020-12-16
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摘要

The targets of China’s national park construction are to protect the authenticity and integrity of the ecosystems, and to achieve the harmonious development between humans and nature. Because of the high intensity of human activities, the authenticity of ecosystems has deviated over the past few decades. It is time to rewild the wildlife and restore the authenticity of these ecosystems. The status of rewilding wildlife in Sanjiangyuan National Park, indicating that the wildlife population, diversity and wildness have increased within the National Park. The wildlife population in the national park has been restored, with about 60,000 Tibetan antelope, 60,000 Tibetan gazelle, 36,000 Tibetan wild ass, 10,000 wild yak, and 10,000 white-lipped deer up to 2017. However, overgrazing existed on the alpine grassland with population increasing both of ungulates and livestock.

关键词

Sanjiangyuan National Park;conservation;rewilding;Wildlife

授权许可

© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis Group and Science Press on behalf of the Ecological Society of China.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

A male Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) openly crosses the National Road 215 and watches the expedition team. Taken Dec. 2019 in Duoxiu, Qumalai county in the Yangtze River Source Park. Photographer: Xinquan Zhao.

A herd of female Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is migrating to the Hoh Xil hinterland to deliver lambs. In 2017, the number of those animals in the Sanjiangyuan National Park area has returned to 6–7 million, three times as many as two decades ago. Taken May 2020 in the Hoh Xil, Sanjiangyuan National Park. Photographer: He Fuquan.

A group of Bar-headed geese (Anser indicus) and black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) share the same alpine wetland with domestic grazing yaks (Bos grunniens) during growing season. Local herders gradually changed from pastoral production to ecological protection. Taken July 2019 in the Longbaotan National Nature Reserve, Yushu, Qinghai Province. Photographer: Xinquan Zhao.

Tibetan wild ass (Equus kiang), Tibetan sheep and yaks forage for vegetation in the same alpine grassland. Taken July 2019 in Qumahe county, Sanjiangyuan National Park. Photographer: Xinquan Zhao.

Wolves in an alpine desert-steppe in the Hoh Xil National Nature Reserve. Taken Dec 2019 in the Hoh Xil, Sanjiangyuan National Park. Photographer: Fangchen Wang.

A Tibetan fox (Vulpes ferrilata) rests beside the highway after successfully hunting a plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae). Taken Dec. 2019 in the Hoh Xili, Sanjiangyuan National Park. Photographer: Hong Sun.

A group of Tibetan wild ass (Equus kiang) race with the expedition team and are reluctant to leave. Taken Dec 2019 at Yeniugou, Qinghai Province, Photographer: Xinquan Zhao.

Tibetan wild ass (Equus kiang) stand close to the expedition team without fear during field sampling. Taken Dec. 2019 in Hoh Xil, Sanjiangyuan National Park. Photographer: Xinquan Zhao.

通讯作者

Xinquan Zhao.Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, Chin.xqzhao@nwipb.cas.cn

推荐引用方式

Xinquan Zhao,Tianwei Xu,Jacob Ellis,Fuquan He,Linyong Hu,Qi Li. Rewilding the wildlife in Sangjiangyuan National Park, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability ,Vol.6, Issue 1(2020)

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参考文献
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