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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity Volume 2019 ,2019-07-25
An Update on Novel Therapeutic Warfronts of Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) in Cancer Treatment: Where We Are Standing Right Now and Where to Go in the Future
Review Article
Muhammad Babar Khawar 1 , 2 , 3 Muddasir Hassan Abbasi 3 , 4 Zerwa Siddique 5 Amin Arif 3 Nadeem Sheikh 3
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Received 2019-03-18, accepted for publication 2019-07-04, Published 2019-07-04

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are a heterogeneous group of membrane-bounded vesicles that are believed to be produced and secreted by presumably all cell types under physiological and pathological conditions, including tumors. EVs are very important vehicles in intercellular communications for both shorter and longer distances and are able to deliver a wide range of cargos including proteins, lipids, and various species of nucleic acids effectively. EVs have been emerging as a novel biotherapeutic platform to efficiently deliver therapeutic cargos to treat a broad range of diseases including cancer. This vast potential of drug delivery lies in their abilities to carry a variety of cargos and their ease in crossing the biological membranes. Similarly, their presence in a variety of body fluids makes them a potential biomarker for early diagnosis, prognostication, and surveillance of cancer. Here, we discuss the relatively least and understudied aspects of EV biology and tried to highlight the obstacles and limitations in their clinical applications and also described most of the new warfronts to beat cancer at multiple stages. However, much more challenges still remain to evaluate EV-based therapeutics, and we are very much hopeful that the current work prompts further discovery.


Copyright © 2019 Muhammad Babar Khawar et al. 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


1. Muddasir Hassan Abbasi.Cell & Molecular Biology Lab, Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, pu.edu.pk;Department of Zoology, University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan, uo.edu.pk.muddygcs@gmail.com
2. Nadeem Sheikh.Cell & Molecular Biology Lab, Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, pu.edu.pk.s_nadeem77@yahoo.com


Muhammad Babar Khawar,Muddasir Hassan Abbasi,Zerwa Siddique,Amin Arif,Nadeem Sheikh. An Update on Novel Therapeutic Warfronts of Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) in Cancer Treatment: Where We Are Standing Right Now and Where to Go in the Future. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity ,Vol.2019(2019)



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