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Ecology and Evolution Volume 9 ,Issue 10 ,2019-04-21
Characteristics and simulation of snow interception by the canopy of primary spruce‐fir Korean pine forests in the Xiaoxing'an Mountains of China
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Yang Xiao 1 Xiaosong Li 2 Shuping Zhao 3 Guohua Song 4
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DOI:10.1002/ece3.5152
Received 2017-11-22, accepted for publication 2019-03-12, Published 2019-03-12
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摘要

Abstract Snow interception by the forest canopy is an important control on the forest hydrological cycle in the Xiaoxing'an Mountains within the northern temperate region of China. In this study, the effects of snowfall characteristics and stand structures on the snowfall redistribution of the canopies within primary spruce‐fir Korean pine forests are analyzed at the forest stand scale. Characteristics of snowfall, through‐canopy snowfall, and stand structure are continuously measured using positioning observations. A semiempirical theoretical model is used to conduct snow interception simulations in the Xiaoxing'an Mountain region. The results indicate that the snowfall, canopy density, slope gradient, and tree height have a significant effect on the through‐canopy snowfall. The interception efficiency gradually decreases with an increase in the amount of snowfall and is particularly sensitive to the snowfall and canopy density, although it shows no significant correlation with average diameter at breast height, tree height, basal area, canopy height, canopy width, leaf area, or slope gradient. Very similar results have been observed in Canada and Switzerland, suggesting the transferability of the results between North America, Western Europe, and China. However, although model results provide a satisfactory simulation of snow interception, further studies are required to optimize the model in this region.

关键词

snowfall;snow interception;hydrological models;canopy structure

授权许可

© 2019 Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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通讯作者

Xiaosong Li.Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Sciences Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.lixs@radi.ac.cn

推荐引用方式

Yang Xiao,Xiaosong Li,Shuping Zhao,Guohua Song. Characteristics and simulation of snow interception by the canopy of primary spruce‐fir Korean pine forests in the Xiaoxing'an Mountains of China. Ecology and Evolution ,Vol.9, Issue 10(2019)

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