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Food Science & Nutrition Volume 7 ,Issue 3 ,2019-02-05
Refined cottonseed oil as a replacement for soybean oil in broiler diet
Ao Yang 1 Ming Qi 1 , 2 , 3 Xu Wang 1 Shuai Wang 1 Lvhui Sun 1 Desheng Qi 1 Luoyi Zhu 1 Yongzhi Duan 1 Xin Gao 1 Shahid Ali Rajput 1 Niya Zhang 1
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Received 2018-11-20, accepted for publication 2018-12-26, Published 2018-12-26

Abstract With the shortage of common vegetable fat sources, such as soybean oil (SBO), it is urgent to find alternative oil sources for broiler producers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of refined cottonseed oil (CSO) as a replacement for SBO in broiler diets. A total of 180 chickens at 1 d of age were randomly assigned to five treatments of six replicates. One treatment was the basal diet (control), and the other four experimental diets were formulated from the basal diet by replacing (w/w) 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of the SBO with refined CSO (only containing 0.2% cyclopropenoid fatty acids, and no free gossypol was detected). At the end of week 6, blood samples were obtained from the jugular vein and the breast muscle was aseptically isolated from two birds per replicate. The results showed that substitution of CSO for low‐level SBO had no significant effect (p > 0.05) on broiler performance during the starter period (week 1–3), while 50% level of CSO inclusion significantly increased (p < 0.05) ADG and improved FCR compared with the control group during the finisher period (week 4–6). Broilers fed 100% CSO diets had lower (p < 0.05) levels of serum total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), cholesterol (CHO) concentrations, and serum alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity than that of the control broilers. Furthermore, the serum antioxidant status appeared to be enhanced by CSO. Additionally, high levels of CSO (75 and 100%) significantly increased the proportions of C14:0 and C18:0 but decreased the proportions of C18:1n9t, C18:2n6c, and ∑ n‐6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in breast muscles of broilers. Overall, the SBO could be replaced with refined CSO up to 50% in diets for broilers without adversely affecting the performance, liver functions, and breast muscle fatty acid composition of these broilers.


performance;fatty acid composition;cyclopropenoid fatty acids;cottonseed oil;broiler;antioxidant status


© 2019 Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Niya Zhang.Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.zhangniya@mail.hzau.edu.cn


Ao Yang,Ming Qi,Xu Wang,Shuai Wang,Lvhui Sun,Desheng Qi,Luoyi Zhu,Yongzhi Duan,Xin Gao,Shahid Ali Rajput,Niya Zhang. Refined cottonseed oil as a replacement for soybean oil in broiler diet. Food Science & Nutrition ,Vol.7, Issue 3(2019)



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