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Journal of Obesity Volume 2018 ,2018-12-06
Counting Footsteps with a Pedometer to Improve HMW Adiponectin and Metabolic Syndrome among Young Female Adults in the United Arab Emirates
Research Article
Hayder Hasan 1 , 2 Amita Attlee 2 , 3 Hamid Jan Bin Jan Mohamed 4 Norliyana Aris 4 , 5 Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda 6
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DOI:10.1155/2018/1597840
Received 2018-05-17, accepted for publication 2018-11-14, Published 2018-11-14
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摘要

Introduction. Physical activity (PA) may improve cardiometabolic fitness and increase high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Adip). The pedometer is an effective, user-friendly device to monitor PA with the aim of improving health. This study examined how counting footsteps, using a pedometer, might affect HMW-Adip and MetS components among young females. Methods. Fifty-two females (21.43 ± 4.8 years) were divided into “normal” (BMI = 18–24.9 kg/m2) and “high” (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) BMI groups. Participants wore pedometers throughout the day for nine weeks. Pre-post intervention tests performed on anthropometric, biochemical, and nutrient intake variables were tested at p≤0.05. Results. Participants walked 7056 ± 1570 footsteps/day without a significant difference between normal (7488.49 ± 1098) and high (6739.18 ± 1793) BMI groups. After week 9, the normal BMI group improved significantly in BMI, body fat mass (BFM), and waist-hip ratio (WHR). Additionally, percent body fat, waist circumference (WC), and visceral fat area also reduced significantly in the high BMI group. A significant decrease in triglycerides (TG) (71.62 ± 29.22 vs. 62.50 ± 29.16 mg/dl, p=0.003) and insulin (21.7 ± 8.33 µU/l vs. 18.64 ± 8.25 µU/l, p=0.046) and increase in HMW-Adip (3.77 ± 0.46 vs. 3.80 ± 0.44 μg/ml, p=0.034) were recorded in the high BMI group. All participants exhibited significant inverse correlations between daily footsteps and BMI (r=−0.33,  p=0.017), BFM (r=−0.29,  p=0.037), WHR (r=−0.401,  p=0.003), and MetS score (r=−0.49,  p<0.001) and positive correlation with HMW-Adip (r=0.331,  p=0.017). A positive correlation with systolic (r=0.46,  p=0.011) and diastolic (r=0.39,  p=0.031) blood pressures and inverse correlation with the MetS score (r=−0.5,  p=0.005) were evident in the high BMI group. Conclusion. Counting footsteps using a pedometer is effective in improving MetS components (obesity, TG) and increasing HMW-Adip levels.

授权许可

Copyright © 2018 Hayder Hasan et al. 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

Footsteps count of participants during weeks 1, 5, and 9 (N=52).

通讯作者

1. Hayder Hasan.Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE, sharjah.ac.ae;Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome Research Group, Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE, sharjah.ac.ae.haidarah@sharjah.ac.ae
2. Amita Attlee.Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome Research Group, Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE, sharjah.ac.ae;Nutrition and Health Department, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE, uaeu.ac.ae.amita.attlee@uaeu.ac.ae

推荐引用方式

Hayder Hasan,Amita Attlee,Hamid Jan Bin Jan Mohamed,Norliyana Aris,Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda. Counting Footsteps with a Pedometer to Improve HMW Adiponectin and Metabolic Syndrome among Young Female Adults in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Obesity ,Vol.2018(2018)

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