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Advances in Meteorology Volume 2018 ,2018-11-29
Changes in Different Classes of Precipitation and the Impacts on Sediment Yield in the Hekouzhen-Longmen Region of the Yellow River Basin, China
Research Article
Suzhen Dang 1 , 2 Xiaoyan Liu 3 Xiaoyu Li 4 Manfei Yao 5 Dan Zhang 6
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DOI:10.1155/2018/3537512
Received 2018-05-29, accepted for publication 2018-10-30, Published 2018-10-30
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摘要

The sediment yield of the Yellow River Basin has obviously decreased since the 1980s, and the impacts of precipitation on sediment yield changes have become increasingly important with the global climate change. The spatial and temporal variations in annual precipitation and different classes of precipitation in the Hekouzhen-Longmen region (HLR) in the middle reaches of the Yellow River Basin were investigated using data collected from 301 rainfall stations from 1966 to 2016. The impacts of precipitation variation on sediment yield were evaluated, and the hydrological modeling method was used to quantitatively assess the attribution of precipitation and other factors to sediment yield changes in the HLR. The results show that the annual precipitation and P10 increased from the northwest to the southeast of the HLR, suggesting it was drier in the northwest region of the HLR. P25 and P50 were mainly concentrated in the northwestern and southwestern parts of the HLR, reflecting that heavy rain was more likely to occur in these regions of the HLR. All of the annual precipitation and different classes of precipitation had no significant changing trends from 1966 to 2016, and the relationship between rainfall and sediment yield obviously changed in 2006. Compared with the average annual mean values from 1966 to 2016, both the annual precipitation and the different classes of precipitation were higher in the HLR during 2007–2016. The sediment yield decrease during 1990–1999 was mainly influenced by precipitation, while other factors were the main driving factor for the sediment yield decrease in the periods of 1980–1989, 2000–2009, and 2010–2016, and other factors have become the dominant driving factors of the sediment yield change in the HLR since 2000.

授权许可

Copyright © 2018 Suzhen Dang et al. 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

Sketch map of the study area.

Sketch map of the study area.

Spatial distribution of (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100 in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100 in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100 in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100 in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100 in the HLR.

Time series of annual precipitation in the HLR from 1966 to 2016.

Time series of different classes of precipitation in the HLR from 1966 to 2016.

Time series of different classes of precipitation in the HLR from 1966 to 2016.

Time series of frequency of rainstorms (a) and heavy rainstorms (b) in the HLR from 1966 to 2016.

Time series of frequency of rainstorms (a) and heavy rainstorms (b) in the HLR from 1966 to 2016.

The double mass curve between rainfall and sediment discharge in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of changes in precipitation: (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100, in the HLR from 2007 to 2016 compared with 1966–2016.

Spatial distribution of changes in precipitation: (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100, in the HLR from 2007 to 2016 compared with 1966–2016.

Spatial distribution of changes in precipitation: (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100, in the HLR from 2007 to 2016 compared with 1966–2016.

Spatial distribution of changes in precipitation: (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100, in the HLR from 2007 to 2016 compared with 1966–2016.

Spatial distribution of changes in precipitation: (a) P, (b) P10, (c) P25, (d) P50, and (e) P100, in the HLR from 2007 to 2016 compared with 1966–2016.

Proportion of sediment produced by P50 in the HLR from 1966 to 1985.

Relationship between rainfall and sediment yield in two periods in the HLR.

Contributions of precipitation and other factors to the changes in sediment yield in the HLR since 1980.

Spatial distribution of rainstorms in typical years: (a) 1977, (b) 2012, (c) 2013, and (d) 2016, in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of rainstorms in typical years: (a) 1977, (b) 2012, (c) 2013, and (d) 2016, in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of rainstorms in typical years: (a) 1977, (b) 2012, (c) 2013, and (d) 2016, in the HLR.

Spatial distribution of rainstorms in typical years: (a) 1977, (b) 2012, (c) 2013, and (d) 2016, in the HLR.

通讯作者

Suzhen Dang.Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Yellow River Conservancy Commission, Zhengzhou 450003, China, yrihr.com.cn;Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Loss Process and Control on the Loess Plateau, MWR, Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Zhengzhou 450003, China, yrihr.com.cn.dangsz_hky@163.com

推荐引用方式

Suzhen Dang,Xiaoyan Liu,Xiaoyu Li,Manfei Yao,Dan Zhang. Changes in Different Classes of Precipitation and the Impacts on Sediment Yield in the Hekouzhen-Longmen Region of the Yellow River Basin, China. Advances in Meteorology ,Vol.2018(2018)

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