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Journal of Environmental and Public Health Volume 2018 ,2018-08-14
Preliminary Study: Environmental Assessment of Perchloroethylene in Dry-Cleaning Facilities in the UAE
Research Article
Sedra Habib 1 Hafiz O. Ahmed 1 Naema Al-Muhairi 1 Reem Ziad 1
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DOI:10.1155/2018/1732906
Received 2018-05-14, accepted for publication 2018-07-18, Published 2018-07-18
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摘要

Background. Perchloroethylene (PERC) is a widely spread cleaning solvent, used in nearly all dry-cleaning facilities. It has been declared as “probable human carcinogen” by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) due to its hazardous and toxic effects on human health. The study aimed at assessing the exposure of PERC among dry-cleaning workers at four different dry-cleaning facilities in the UAE. Methods. The four dry-cleaning facilities, using PERC in one of the cities of the UAE, were selected. Draeger perchloroethylene 10/b detector tubes along with a Draeger accuro pump were used to estimate the levels of PERC exposure in three main selected positions in each of the facilities. Results. The results showed that the second selected position had the highest amounts of PERC exposure above the international and local standards in 3 out of 4 selected facilities. The workers at position 2, who were not using any of the provided personal protective equipment, were at the highest risk of developing PERC-related health problems. Conclusion. It is important to install local exhaust ventilation systems and monitoring devices of PERC concentrations in these facilities, along with raising the awareness of workers about the health effects of PERC and the importance of using personal protective equipment (PPE) while performing their job.

授权许可

Copyright © 2018 Sedra Habib et al. 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

通讯作者

Hafiz O. Ahmed.Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE, sharjah.ac.ae.hafizomer@sharjah.ac.ae

推荐引用方式

Sedra Habib,Hafiz O. Ahmed,Naema Al-Muhairi,Reem Ziad. Preliminary Study: Environmental Assessment of Perchloroethylene in Dry-Cleaning Facilities in the UAE. Journal of Environmental and Public Health ,Vol.2018(2018)

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