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Journal of Spectroscopy Volume 2018 ,2018-04-18
Emissions of Airport Monitoring with Solar Occultation Flux-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer
Research Article
Xin Han 1 , 2 Xiangxian Li 1 Minguang Gao 1 Jingjing Tong 1 Xiuli Wei 1 Sheng Li 1 Shubin Ye 2 , 3 Yan Li 1 , 2
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DOI:10.1155/2018/1069612
Received 2017-11-06, accepted for publication 2018-02-11, Published 2018-02-11
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摘要

Both domestic and international aviation industries have experienced a boom, which results in a dramatic increase in emissions of the aviation industry in recent decades. Therefore, domestic and abroad scientists adopted different methods to measure emissions; however, there are no appropriate methods to measure the emissions of the whole airport. In order to provide data support for the relevant departments to take appropriate emission reduction measures, solar occultation flux-Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (SOF-FT-IR) is used to monitor the emissions of Beijing Capital International Airport. CO, CO2, C2H4, and CH2O are selected as the target gases and are quantitatively analyzed with the nonlinear least squares method to get the column concentration. Then, the flux can also be calculated by linking the wind velocity and direction with the column concentration. A comparison between the results measured by SOF-FT-IR and the results measured by the method published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicates that auxiliary power equipment and ground support equipment for the emission of the airport are also important emission sources besides the aircraft and the concentration distribution gives powerful and useful pieces of evidence to locate the emission sources. In order to decrease the contribution of the airport to the air pollution, the key point is to reduce the emissions of the APU and mobiles in the airport.

授权许可

Copyright © 2018 Xin Han et al. 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

Aircraft emissions and the global environment.

Phase of flight of an aircraft.

Atmospheric transmission model: (a) multilayer atmospheric transmission model and (b) two-layer atmospheric transmission model.

Atmospheric transmission model: (a) multilayer atmospheric transmission model and (b) two-layer atmospheric transmission model.

The schematic of SOF-FT-IR.

Beijing Capital International Airport.

Monitoring path.

Background spectrum at four seasons.

Inversion bands of target gases.

The fitting result of target gases: (a) the fitting result of C2H4, (b) the fitting result of CH2O, and (c) the fitting result of CO and CO2.

The fitting result of target gases: (a) the fitting result of C2H4, (b) the fitting result of CH2O, and (c) the fitting result of CO and CO2.

The fitting result of target gases: (a) the fitting result of C2H4, (b) the fitting result of CH2O, and (c) the fitting result of CO and CO2.

Typical concentration distribution in four seasons.

通讯作者

Xiangxian Li.Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230026, China, cas.cn.lixx@aiofm.ac.cn

推荐引用方式

Xin Han,Xiangxian Li,Minguang Gao,Jingjing Tong,Xiuli Wei,Sheng Li,Shubin Ye,Yan Li. Emissions of Airport Monitoring with Solar Occultation Flux-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer. Journal of Spectroscopy ,Vol.2018(2018)

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