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International Journal of Agronomy Volume 2017 ,2017-02-21
Coastal Mudflat Saline Soil Amendment by Dairy Manure and Green Manuring
Research Article
Yanchao Bai 1 , 2 , 3 Yiyun Yan 1 Wengang Zuo 1 Chuanhui Gu 4 Weijie Xue 1 Lijuan Mei 1 Yuhua Shan 1 , 5 Ke Feng 1 , 5
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DOI:10.1155/2017/4635964
Received 2016-12-18, accepted for publication 2017-02-02, Published 2017-02-02
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摘要

Dairy manure or green manuring has been considered as popular organic amendment to cropland in many countries. However, whether dairy manure combined with green manuring can effectively amend mudflat saline soil remains unclear. This paper was one of first studies to fill this knowledge gap by investigating impact of dairy manure combined with green manuring on soil chemical properties of mudflat saline soil. Dairy manure was used by one-time input, with the rates of 0, 30, 75, 150, and 300 t ha−1, to amend mudflat saline soil. Ryegrass, Sesbania, and ryegrass were chosen as green manures for three consecutive seasons, successively planted, and tilled, and maize was chosen as a test crop. The results indicated that one-time application of dairy manure enhanced fertility of mudflat saline soil and supported growth of ryegrass as the first season green manure. By the cycles of the green manuring, it rapidly improved the chemical properties of mudflat saline soil by decreasing soil salinity and pH and increasing soil organic carbon and available N and P, which promoted growth of maize. Dairy manure combined with green manuring can be applied for mudflat saline soil amendment, which provides an innovative solution for mudflat saline soil reclamation, dairy manure disposal, and resource recycling.

授权许可

Copyright © 2017 Yanchao Bai et al. 2017
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

Effects of dairy manure amendment on biomass of green manures and maize. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment on organic carbon in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment on salinity (a) and pH (b) in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment on salinity (a) and pH (b) in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment on concentrations of alkaline nitrogen (a) and available phosphorus (b) in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. N, nitrogen; P, phosphorus.

Effects of dairy manure amendment on concentrations of alkaline nitrogen (a) and available phosphorus (b) in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. N, nitrogen; P, phosphorus.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on dry matter for total aerial part (a), grain (b), stem (c), leaves (d), husk (e), and cob (f) of maize grown in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on dry matter for total aerial part (a), grain (b), stem (c), leaves (d), husk (e), and cob (f) of maize grown in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on dry matter for total aerial part (a), grain (b), stem (c), leaves (d), husk (e), and cob (f) of maize grown in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on dry matter for total aerial part (a), grain (b), stem (c), leaves (d), husk (e), and cob (f) of maize grown in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on dry matter for total aerial part (a), grain (b), stem (c), leaves (d), husk (e), and cob (f) of maize grown in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on dry matter for total aerial part (a), grain (b), stem (c), leaves (d), husk (e), and cob (f) of maize grown in mudflat saline soil. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on heavy metals concentration for Cd (a), Cr (b), Cu (c), Mn (d), Ni (e), and Zn (f) of maize grain. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. Cd, cadmium; Cr, chromium; Cu, copper; Mn, manganese; Ni, nickel; Zn, zinc.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on heavy metals concentration for Cd (a), Cr (b), Cu (c), Mn (d), Ni (e), and Zn (f) of maize grain. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. Cd, cadmium; Cr, chromium; Cu, copper; Mn, manganese; Ni, nickel; Zn, zinc.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on heavy metals concentration for Cd (a), Cr (b), Cu (c), Mn (d), Ni (e), and Zn (f) of maize grain. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. Cd, cadmium; Cr, chromium; Cu, copper; Mn, manganese; Ni, nickel; Zn, zinc.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on heavy metals concentration for Cd (a), Cr (b), Cu (c), Mn (d), Ni (e), and Zn (f) of maize grain. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. Cd, cadmium; Cr, chromium; Cu, copper; Mn, manganese; Ni, nickel; Zn, zinc.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on heavy metals concentration for Cd (a), Cr (b), Cu (c), Mn (d), Ni (e), and Zn (f) of maize grain. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. Cd, cadmium; Cr, chromium; Cu, copper; Mn, manganese; Ni, nickel; Zn, zinc.

Effects of dairy manure amendment (DMA) on heavy metals concentration for Cd (a), Cr (b), Cu (c), Mn (d), Ni (e), and Zn (f) of maize grain. Vertical bars indicate standard deviations of the means. Columns with different letters show significant difference between dairy manure amendment rates at p<0.05 by LSD’s multiple range test. Cd, cadmium; Cr, chromium; Cu, copper; Mn, manganese; Ni, nickel; Zn, zinc.

通讯作者

1. Yanchao Bai.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China, yzu.edu.cn;State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China, cas.cn;Institute of Biotechnology, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China, jaas.ac.cn.byc529@gmail.com
2. Yuhua Shan.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China, yzu.edu.cn;Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Solid Organic Waste Resource Utilization, Nanjing 210095, China.shanyuhua@outlook.com

推荐引用方式

Yanchao Bai,Yiyun Yan,Wengang Zuo,Chuanhui Gu,Weijie Xue,Lijuan Mei,Yuhua Shan,Ke Feng. Coastal Mudflat Saline Soil Amendment by Dairy Manure and Green Manuring. International Journal of Agronomy ,Vol.2017(2017)

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