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Child Development Research Volume 2015 ,2015-11-10
The Mind and Heart of the Social Child: Developing the Empathy and Theory of Mind Scale
Research Article
Zhenlin Wang 1 Lamei Wang 2
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DOI:10.1155/2015/171304
Received 2015-07-02, accepted for publication 2015-10-12, Published 2015-10-12
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摘要

Empathy and theory of mind (ToM) are distinctive psychological constructs in predicting children’s social functioning. This study provided evidence of the independent nature of these constructs and developed a parent questionnaire for measuring individual differences in children’s empathy and ToM. In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis based on responses of 116 parents of Hong Kong children established a three-factor structure of the Empathy and Theory of Mind Scale (EToMS), that is, Empathy, Nice ToM, and Nasty ToM. An additional 189 parents of Study 2 confirmed this three-factor model. A subsample of 93 children (M=4.97, SD = .84, 47 boys) from Study 2 took part in child measures of helping and lying behaviors as well as false belief understanding. The results supported the reliability and validity of the EToMS, making it a useful assessment of children’s social predispositions.

授权许可

Copyright © 2015 Zhenlin Wang and Lamei Wang. 2015
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

图表

Scree plot of 33 items based on factor analysis.

通讯作者

Zhenlin Wang.Department of Psychological Studies, Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong, ied.edu.hk.zlwang@ied.edu.hk

推荐引用方式

Zhenlin Wang,Lamei Wang. The Mind and Heart of the Social Child: Developing the Empathy and Theory of Mind Scale. Child Development Research ,Vol.2015(2015)

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