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i-Perception Volume 2 ,Issue 5 ,2011-06-01
Faces in the Mist: Illusory Face and Letter Detection
Article
Cory A. Rieth 1 Kang Lee 2 Jiangang Lui 3 Jie Tian 4 David E. Huber 1
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DOI:10.1068/i0421
Received 2011-1-20,
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摘要

We report three behavioral experiments on the spatial characteristics evoking illusory face and letter detection. False detections made to pure noise images were analyzed using a modified reverse correlation method in which hundreds of observers rated a modest number of noise images (480) during a single session. This method was originally developed for brain imaging research, and has been used in a number of fMRI publications, but this is the first report of the behavioral classification images. In Experiment 1 illusory face detection occurred in response to scattered dark patches throughout the images, with a bias to the left visual field. This occurred despite the use of a fixation cross and expectations that faces would be centered. In contrast, illusory letter detection (Experiment 2) occurred in response to centrally positioned dark patches. Experiment 3 included an oval in all displays to spatially constrain illusory face detection. With the addition of this oval the classification image revealed an eyes/nose/mouth pattern. These results suggest that face detection is triggered by a minimal face-like pattern even when these features are not centered in visual focus.

关键词

false detection;top down;letter perception;reverse correlation;face perception;vision

授权许可

© 2011 SAGE Publications Ltd. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work as published without adaptation or alteration, without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).

通讯作者

1. Cory A. Rieth.Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0109, USA.crieth@ucsd.edu
2. Kang Lee.Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0109, USA, and Institute of Child Study, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5R 2X2, Canada.kang.lee@utoronto.ca
3. Jiangang Lui.Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Computer and Information Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China.liujg@fingerpass.net.cn
4. Jie Tian.School of Life Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071, China, and Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 2728, Beijing 100190, China.tian@ieee.org
5. David E. Huber.Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0109, USA.dhuber@ucsd.edu

推荐引用方式

Cory A. Rieth,Kang Lee,Jiangang Lui,Jie Tian,David E. Huber. Faces in the Mist: Illusory Face and Letter Detection. i-Perception ,Vol.2, Issue 5(2011)

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